Work Package 2: Recognizing the emissions challenge
The main objective is to formulate physical constraints for allowed Austria’s GHG emissions which are consistent with global cumulative GHG emissions budget until 2050 if the warming targets specified in the Paris Agreement are to be reached.
Deriving global and national targets of GHG emissions reductions
Specifying reference reduction paths of national GHG emissions for Austria which are in line with the warming targets of 1.5 °C and 2 °C under the Paris Agreement (3 °C and 4 °C will also be considered). These emission reductions paths will be made consistent with global GHG emission budgets and will also account for emissions embodied in international trade.
Towards consistency of sectoral breakdown of emissions vs. functionality-based emissions account-ing
Placing the emissions ascribed to functionalities in the context of IPCC’s sectoral scheme of national emissions accounting. Assessing energy-related and other (e.g. land-use, industrial processes) emissions resulting from scenarios of functionalities in the future. (This task will support WP3 and WP5 with respect to completeness of modelled GHG emissions.)
Assessing options for GHG emission reductions including negative emissions
Estimating the range of cumulative GHG emissions required to secure functionality of nutrition for Austria’s population (depending on availability of energy and fertilizers and emissions embodied in imports to satisfy domestic needs). Compensating for these emissions may impose more stringent targets for reduction of other anthropogenic emissions, the role of negative emissions technologies will also be assessed.